Normally I would write off the US was behind it or knew about it as a conspiracy. However, this time it seems to be somewhat true.
There were several meetings at the US embassy before June 28 with different members of government and Manuel Zelaya about his illegal referendum. What was told to members of Congress including Micheletti who was basically the president of Congress at the time was that it didn´t matter how legal it was they would call anything they did to remove Zelaya a coup. So basically even if we had not removed him from the country they would have called it a coup anyhow. It was a damned if you do and damned if you don´t situation.
Why the US would take this position I have no clue. The only thing I can assume is that last year testing discovered one of the largest oil reserves in America in Honduran territory and our constitution the way it is written prohibits this oil from being exploited by foreign sources. This is one of the articles he wanted to reform in addition to throwing out our entire constitution.
They claim they tried to stop the situation and I agree they probably did. However, they didn´t try hard enough. What they should have done is been very hard nosed with Zelaya instead of Congress and it would have stopped the entire situation. What they had to tell him is that not only would they support the impeachment but they would try and convict him in the US if he continued with his illegal referendum. That would have ended the nonsense right then and there. He would not have broken into the airforce base and stolen documents that were siezed and he would have accepted the poll was illegal and said that while he wanted to do it that he wasn´t going to because the court had ruled it illegal.
However, the new US government is inexperienced at hard ball and who to play it with. They were threatening the wrong side. The government of Honduras had already told them that they wanted him to not do the referendum because it had been ruled illegal and that if he did they would remove him regardless of the US position. So their strategy should have been in dealing with Zelaya and not with Micheletti in stopping the situation.